The Secret of Synchronization

  • Publisert 14 dager siden

    Veritasium

    Runtime: 20:58

    How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
    An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
    Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
    Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
    References:
    Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
    Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
    Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
    The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
    Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
    Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
    Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
    Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
    Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
    Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
    Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
    Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
    Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
    Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
    Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
    Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
    GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
    Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
    Edited by Derek Muller
    Additional video supplied by Getty Images
    Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
    More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
    100 metronome video from nosection.info/title/o6ewpmXInYWkZKA/video
    Intro animation by Jorge Cham
    Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: nosection.info/title/eXymYqfZinqwoKw/video and
    NileRed nosection.info/title/fH5rnIrak2JrqJI/video
    Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
    Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
    Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
    Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
    Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
    Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
    Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

EnEm Gee
EnEm Gee

When we don’t understand the synchronization, we call it chaos.

14 minutter siden
bhasky
bhasky

Absolutely cracking video. I always had this question , when I read 2nd law of thermodynamics. Entropy always grows. Then there must be a fight between system getting destroyed over time and system maintaining itself .

17 minutter siden
Andrew Pascal
Andrew Pascal

Prof. Steven Strogatz was absolutely amazing to listen to! I'm definitely grabbing a copy of his book.

28 minutter siden
jack mann
jack mann

the most stunning part of this video is the quality can be set to 2160p 😦

44 minutter siden
Verita Suim
Verita Suim

T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3–2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

20 minutter siden
Dworv
Dworv

2:25 SO SATISFYING OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

50 minutter siden
Nathaniel Miller
Nathaniel Miller

watching the footage of the people crossing the bridge in these times reminded me how physically close we used to be to other people

59 minutter siden
Verita Suim
Verita Suim

T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3–2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

20 minutter siden
Zqud
Zqud

I swear I see this with people's blinkers in turn lanes

Time siden
Verita Suim
Verita Suim

T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3–2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

20 minutter siden
kickinvideo333
kickinvideo333

The dude on Zoom lives in an Ames Room😆

Time siden
JustJo
JustJo

We can't use psychologically/ biologically synchronizations of people and bugs as an analogy to physics.

Time siden
Ruby Gray
Ruby Gray

Effect spoiled by using fake pendulum clocks

Time siden
Donaldo Olivier Pineda Ramos
Donaldo Olivier Pineda Ramos

Hi I have a question. Why when we want to spin a can with liquid inside in the air it stops by itself?

Time siden
Глеб Жеглов
Глеб Жеглов

Привет из России👋

2 timer siden
Lorenzo Bianchi
Lorenzo Bianchi

This phenomenon can be used in analog synthesizers, or in digital imitations of the principle, to obtain the syncronized sound of different waveform, which give different results depending on the waveshape, the oscillation period, the phase and other parameters. It's amazing how things apparently so different can follow similar, simple rules.

2 timer siden
mik 02910
mik 02910

Another example: In Football stadium, one fan begins a chant, then another joins, then another, then the whole crowd's singing. Same with the Mexican wave.

2 timer siden
Steven Koutstaal
Steven Koutstaal

wow. an 'unprompted' experiment

2 timer siden
Banana god
Banana god

Thumbs up if you are really skeptical of the year 1656

2 timer siden
Dave Cooke
Dave Cooke

I need to poop at the same time every morning, does that count?

2 timer siden
Verita Suim
Verita Suim

T°h°a°n°k°s_f°o°r_y°o°u°r_C°o°m°m°e°n°t. f°o°r°m°o°r°e_g°u°i°d°a°n°c°e w....h....a....t....s....a....p....p +1..(3–2-1-8-3-7-9-8-5-2)

20 minutter siden
Ping Pong
Ping Pong

why is Earth not locked to Sun like moon is locked to Earth?

3 timer siden
Donny Sandley
Donny Sandley

Women who are around each other a lot their ministrations fluids will synchronize together 🧐

3 timer siden
Luc-Angelo Sean Nepomuceno
Luc-Angelo Sean Nepomuceno

Just amazing... I love this topic

3 timer siden
Written Dreams
Written Dreams

Your son!! How cute!!!

3 timer siden
Box Fox
Box Fox

Energy creates energy? Objects in motion stays in motion. But law of energy states, it cannot be created or destroyed.

4 timer siden
Alexton rahdeeo
Alexton rahdeeo

16:16 funny how that would be obvious to any musician !

4 timer siden
Marc David Vardai
Marc David Vardai

I see my city, I upvote.

4 timer siden
Alexton rahdeeo
Alexton rahdeeo

10:00 i don’t think this is a sync ... it’s just something that is done after every show to call actors back on the scene .... Literally every I’ve been to or saw

4 timer siden
StormontMan
StormontMan

The most annoying thing about you is ... that you were on YouTube for 10 years before I discovered you!

4 timer siden
Rafael S.
Rafael S.

Best 20 minutes I've watch in a long time.

5 timer siden
żonk
żonk

Everything just adjusts to universe's tick speed

5 timer siden
Charming nowhere to hide
Charming nowhere to hide

The clip where the audience was clapping and then when they all clapped in sync freaked me out. How beautiful nature is, man

5 timer siden
morbikdon
morbikdon

mannnn hell of a video!

5 timer siden
Mister Murtad
Mister Murtad

What if you started the metronomes on separate tables. Would they still pick up the syncho from the floor?

5 timer siden
LoudSilence
LoudSilence

If all humans sync their steps maybe we can push the Earth out of the Solar system.

6 timer siden
Charming nowhere to hide
Charming nowhere to hide

This is a cool science project omg

5 timer siden
George Solorio
George Solorio

Add my Snapchat if your down like that!!!@ soloriogeorge82

6 timer siden
George Solorio
George Solorio

Add my Snapchat if your down like that!!!@ soloriogeorge82

6 timer siden
dezertson2011
dezertson2011

Laan-juh-tood.

7 timer siden
Fordman
Fordman

I see those chemical waves when i close my eyes

7 timer siden
Fordman
Fordman

I see those chemical waves when i close my eyes

7 timer siden
WillBrink
WillBrink

Seeing all those people crossing the bridge in step like that reminds of what lemmings humans are.

7 timer siden
Mike theBike
Mike theBike

🏍️ 'One would tick. One would talk.'

7 timer siden
Isaque Veríssimo
Isaque Veríssimo

ANOTHER GOOOD VIDEO

7 timer siden
L Stiltskin
L Stiltskin

I think I have actually built a perpetual motion machine using pendulum motions and magnets. Well it's been going since the 4 days ago I've built it

7 timer siden
L Stiltskin
L Stiltskin

Yippee science stuff xxx

7 timer siden
Andrew McGillivray
Andrew McGillivray

would it work with drummer and bassist in my band?

7 timer siden
L Stiltskin
L Stiltskin

I did the clock thing with the pendulum myself and have whipless that's in action I just thought I was going nuts and moving things with my mind

7 timer siden
Nick Diesal
Nick Diesal

Im high asf this video almost exploded my brain

8 timer siden
Don Patterson
Don Patterson

air is the coupling between fireflies. The Vibration of the Coupling is what determines the speed at which actions Synchronize. Increase or decrease the Vibration of the Coupling or Medium and you will see the speed of Synchronization occur faster or slower. You can control this.

8 timer siden
richad warren
richad warren

This is a cool science project omg

8 timer siden
Jens Ludwigsburg
Jens Ludwigsburg

super interessant! danke

8 timer siden
MrGilRoland
MrGilRoland

When I listen to music inside my car, it’s only a matter of time until every pedestrian I look to, moves in sync with the music. Now explain this.

8 timer siden
random spacedude
random spacedude

imagine breaking a bridge because your to synchronized

9 timer siden
Chadrach William
Chadrach William

The answer to the question not asked is, "Cosmic collective consciousness"

9 timer siden
Box Fox
Box Fox

Yelp

4 timer siden
N D
N D

00:25 People with anxiety disorder: "AND EVEN WHAT!?"

9 timer siden
Inventor
Inventor

regarding the frequency of steps to make a bridge move. it's not only half and double the frequency, it's also the thirds. in other words 2=3 and viceversa, same what happens in triplets in music. 75 b.p.m = 100 bpm (3=2) and also the other fractions same as the nodes for harmonics in guitar string.

9 timer siden
Semisi Tuitupou
Semisi Tuitupou

Blinkers synch up for me too

9 timer siden
captain2212
captain2212

Is this how grasshoppers turn into locusts ?

10 timer siden
Michael D
Michael D

Any suggestions on where to find methods for determining/calculating the resonant frequency of a structure like a bridge? I'm not looking to learn all of civil engineering, but rather a short instructive video?

10 timer siden
Steven Verrall
Steven Verrall

This is why the Universe is not governed by the laws of thermodynamics. As such, theories such as the Big Bang, Dark Energy, and Dark Matter are based on a foundation of flawed assumptions. The Universe is actually governed by plasma dynamics. Plasma researchers have long observed self-organizing systems. The Universe may actually have become more ordered with time. There may actually be a natural balance between plasma dynamics and thermodynamics where increasing order in one place is balanced by increasing disorder in another. In this sense, our Universe may be an eternal system. If humanity believes the Universe is an eternal system, we will finally be able to give up our harmful obsession with fatalism.

10 timer siden
Richard Levy
Richard Levy

Excellent video. I suspect predicting the behavior of individuals in response to economic factores might take a step forward using the principles illustrated in this video.

10 timer siden
Jehu McSpooran
Jehu McSpooran

The funny thing with the clapping is that quite often the entertainer will get the audience to start clapping in time. Once the sync has started, the speed of the claps increases as the fervour grows until spontaneously the sync disappears and random clapping takes over. I've never seen it go from chaotic to synchronous.

11 timer siden
DVDwr
DVDwr

Same thing happends when you lay with someone, like cuddling. Your breathing tend to synchronize naturaly

11 timer siden
DonBelial
DonBelial

Why does this make me happy?

11 timer siden
Mark Pendragon
Mark Pendragon

*Penguingate* - Read all about it, the millennium's greatest scandal in synchronisation.

11 timer siden
Trebeh Odaglas
Trebeh Odaglas

This video was so cool!

11 timer siden
Marcfx
Marcfx

Murmuration has the same action towards the other birds when flying together, their result is breathtaking...

12 timer siden
Nik's Sofa
Nik's Sofa

Trigger warning: Wrong animatied pendulum at 2:20

12 timer siden
Yak
Yak

Subtitles are kinda meh.

12 timer siden
Paul Gibby
Paul Gibby

Love your shows. Also the electro-music you use. Thanks.

12 timer siden
C V
C V

3:50 simple. its a bug.

12 timer siden
Contessa Adella
Contessa Adella

I knew our moon was gravitationally locked to match Earth’s rotation....but not how! This vid explained it very well with its bulging moon diagram....Thank you!

12 timer siden
Mc Len
Mc Len

for humans that think.. it's more of patterns and synchronization.. the moment we hear a patter we immediately pick it up and copy it..

12 timer siden
Ceijonius
Ceijonius

I didn't even know I was into science like this.😳 You made this topic very interesting to learn about! Thanks for teaching me something new today!🤓👍🏾☺️

13 timer siden
SomeOne
SomeOne

Nobody: Scientists: hold my RGB water

13 timer siden
Sustainability, Whaaat?!
Sustainability, Whaaat?!

Can this also be said for the Mexican Wave in soccer stadium?

13 timer siden
Kinang Eagle
Kinang Eagle

WHY DO OTHER PEOPLE SYNCHRONIZE THEIR LEGS WITH ME WHEN WALKING WHEN IM TRYING TO NOT BE IN SYNC? ITS SO FRUSTRATING

14 timer siden
Gryff Longdong
Gryff Longdong

Is synchrony a word?

14 timer siden
Stev
Stev

Imagine being stupid enough to see that the bridge is moving, and you still stay on it.

14 timer siden
Stuart Last
Stuart Last

sympathetic harmonics - very cool for us musicians who love the maths and physics of music.

14 timer siden
Mustafa Tasrali
Mustafa Tasrali

before you explain ı just see you it just happens from the people who walk on the bridge it just happens while you just walk. only need few 100 people to just walk on the bridge. (only walk)

14 timer siden
Patrick PIGNOL
Patrick PIGNOL

Synchronized applauses are "obviously" a code for "again again" to artist to come back on scene to perform some spectacle supplement ... Chimical reaction is known as "fox, rabit and grass" reaction it's cyclic while "grass" component is present in the solution.

14 timer siden
oho uhoo
oho uhoo

it is natural frequency , we can run from one side of ship to the other side to make a ship upsidedown as in pirate of the caribbean

15 timer siden
PRAKASH KUMAR
PRAKASH KUMAR

A P in maths ?

15 timer siden
JB 1920
JB 1920

15:02 My brain while watching Veritasium and Vsauce videos

15 timer siden
Reggae Marley
Reggae Marley

What I took away from this video is that our hearts contain spiral energy. Gurren Lagann is real.

16 timer siden
emiljanQ3
emiljanQ3

Really happy to see prof Strogatz in this video. He's a great teacher and has an online course on dynamical systems and chaos which is definitely worth a look if you are interested.

16 timer siden
Keshav Nittin
Keshav Nittin

Amazing video

16 timer siden
Mister J
Mister J

Oh, man, the story with the bridge and with the people who Syncro was run over at the same time, that has been refuted 3000 times.

16 timer siden
Kris
Kris

Amazing creation of God.

17 timer siden
oktc68
oktc68

What would happen with the two metronome experiment if the metronomes were exactly 180° out of phase with each other? I'm thinking that the forces would cancel each other out and they'd remain in that state (or the earth would stop spinning and we'd all be hurled off into the blue yonder?) Very interesting thanks

17 timer siden
Tomos Halsey
Tomos Halsey

It's so satisfying hearing "damper" and "damp" instead of "dampener" and "dampening", you can tell they actually know what they are talking about.

17 timer siden
Hans
Hans

Is it always the case that the pendulums end up completely out of phase and the metronomes end up in phase? Or are the outcomes sensitive to initial conditions? I suspect that the first is true, and that it has to do with whether the counterweight is much heavier (The entire Earth) or of similar weight (The board on which the metronomes are placed) to the pendulums. I suspect that the local minimum of the action, as a function of phase difference, depends on this mass ratio, but I have not found the time to show this. Does anyone have a good reference?

17 timer siden
Uwe von Kempen
Uwe von Kempen

I wonder if soldiers are subsequently trained to walk effectively out of step, so that they not even involuntarily synchronize like at the millennium-bridge.

17 timer siden
George Mays
George Mays

Fascinating. Thanx.

18 timer siden
Ed Herdman
Ed Herdman

quantum darwinism

19 timer siden
John Houde
John Houde

So I'm told women who live together will synchronize their periods. If that is the case wouldn't a woman who was not in Sync have a better chance of reproducing and giving her a better chance of picking the best mate? Also do women in a city tend to have their periods at the same time of month or say in an Office where they work together? I'm a guy so I wouldn't know. We're just ready all the time! LOL

19 timer siden
itsleo!
itsleo!

1:32 60 men fell into the river in lego city

19 timer siden
cruithne_2292
cruithne_2292

5:10 I literally heard one of the metronomes say to the other two: dance with me~

19 timer siden
ATOMSK
ATOMSK

Personally this video helps explain how I can press nine or ten different keys, engage any pedal and combine that chaos of vibration into something I predetermined...... it really does feel like predicting the future sometimes I'm not gonna lie.

20 timer siden
Pax Liberum
Pax Liberum

The sync is a consequence of chaos

20 timer siden
Daniel Duvalle
Daniel Duvalle

"Let's dance" David Bowie

20 timer siden
John Titor
John Titor

I get the eerie feeling that it would be a lot easier to understand the machine if you weren’t one of the parts

20 timer siden

Neste

Why No One Has Measured The Speed Of Light

19:05

We BUILT a Mandalorian JETPACK! (HACKLORIAN: CHAPTER 5)

17:00

The Discovery That Transformed Pi

18:40

The Discovery That Transformed Pi

Veritasium

Ganger 2,9 mill

The Illusion Only Some People Can See

16:57

The Illusion Only Some People Can See

Veritasium

Ganger 4,1 mill

Huge Megaprojects Under Construction

27:16

Huge Megaprojects Under Construction

BE AMAZED

Ganger 1,1 mill

The Insane Engineering of the X-15

31:30

The Insane Engineering of the X-15

Real Engineering

Ganger 1,8 mill

Is Success Luck or Hard Work?

12:04

Is Success Luck or Hard Work?

Veritasium

Ganger 3,6 mill

An Incredible Sudoku Discovery

34:01

An Incredible Sudoku Discovery

Cracking The Cryptic

Ganger 93 k

The Infinite Pattern That Never Repeats

21:12

For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - May 16, 2011

1:01:26

For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - May 16, 2011

Lectures by Walter Lewin. They will make you ♥ Physics.

Ganger 6 mill

We BUILT a Mandalorian JETPACK! (HACKLORIAN: CHAPTER 5)

17:00

Teaching a Robot Dog to Pee Beer

16:06

Teaching a Robot Dog to Pee Beer

Michael Reeves

Ganger 7 mill

Insane Military Pull Up record

20:36

Insane Military Pull Up record

Magnus Midtbø

Ganger 2 mill

What Color Is My Hoodie?

5:40

What Color Is My Hoodie?

Tom Scott

Ganger 972 k

SIDEMENS GOT TALENT

1:13:21

SIDEMENS GOT TALENT

Sidemen

Ganger 8 mill